Ilustrasi pelangi. Sumber: Blogspot.com

[:id]Pelangi Indonesia[:]

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Dr.Yudi Latif saat menyampaikan materi di depan mahasiswa dan mahasiswi Universitas Pembangunan Jaya Bintaro.

Dr.Yudi Latif saat menyampaikan materi di depan mahasiswa dan mahasiswi Universitas Pembangunan Jaya Bintaro.

Yudi Latif
(Kompas, Selasa, 21 Februari 2017)

Di dalam agama cinta (rahman-rahim), kebenaran dan keadilan tak mengenal penganut dan bukan penganut. Cinta memeluk semuanya. Warga bangsa boleh berbeda keyakinan, tetapi cinta menyatukannya. Kekuatan mencintai dengan melampuai perbedaan inilah yang melahirkan pelangi Indonesia yang indah. Dengan ini, pemilihan Kepala Daerah secara serentak berlalu dengan relatif damai, menyisakan Pilkada DKI Jakarta di pusat pertaruhan.

Di 101 daerah yang menyelenggarakan Pilkada, orang dengan berbagai latar agama bisa dipilih dan memilih tanpa diskriminasi dan intimidasi. Di berbagai tempat, bahkan partai Islam, seperti Partai Keadilan Sejahtera, bisa mengusung calon kepala daerah yang agamanya bukan Islam. Situasi ini menggambarkan determinasi peradaban cinta yang masih terpatri pada jatidiri bangsa. Di sekujur tubuh kebangsaan, titik rawan daya cinta ini justru terletak di Ibu kota negara. Di Jakarta, daya pompa jantung politik dalam mengalirkan darah cinta mengalami pelemahan, terdesak penguatan aliran daya benci.

Kehilangan daya cinta di Ibu kota negara bisa menjadi pangkal kehilangan Indonesia. Harmoni dalam kemajemukan adalah kode genetik bangsa ini. Modal unggulan Indonesia yang bisa dibanggakan pada dunia. Dengan kemerosotan daya cinta, Indonesia akan mengalami kerusakan gen.

Berbilang bangsa dalam zona keseragaman terguncang hadapi globalisasi keragaman. Bahkan bangsa maju kembali mengeja multikulturalisme secara tergagap. Tak sedikit gagal,  berujung populisme dengan supremasi tribalisme anti asing, anti perbedaan. Berutung, Indonesia banyak makan asam garam. Bangsa maritim di tengah persilangan arus manusia dan peradaban dunia, terbiasa menerima perbedaan. Jauh sebelum merdeka, para pemuda lintas etnis dan agama sudah menemukan penyebut bersama dalam keragaman bangsa. Saat dasar negara dan konstitusi Indonesia dirumuskan, perwakilan berbagai golongan terwakili, menghadirkan negara semua buat semua.

Modal sosial terpenting bangsa ini terlalu berharga untuk dikorbankan demi ambisi politik jangka pendek. Dalam pedih pertikaian, warga disadarkan arti penting merawat persatuan dalam perbedaan dengan berbagi kesejahteraan. Kegelapan menyediakan kunang-kunang penuntun perjalanan bangsa, memberi mata hati kesempatan berpendar di tengah kekelaman.

Dalam nafak tilas refleksi diri bisa kita kenali bahwa hidup religius dengan kerelaan menerima keragaman telah lama diterima sebagai kewajaran oleh penduduk kepulauan ini. Sejak zaman Kerajaan Majapahit, doktrin agama sipil untuk mensenyawakan keragaman ekspresi keagamaan telah diformulasikan oleh Mpu Tantular dalam Sutasoma, “Bhineka Tunggal ika tan Hana Dharma Mangrwa”; berbeda-beda namun satu, tiada kebenaran yang mendua.

Islam Indonesia sendiri, yang sejauh ini dianut oleh sebagaian besar penduduk, kendatipun—seperti agama-agama lainnya—tak luput dari sejarah kekerasan, dalam sapuan besarnya didominasi warna kedamaian dan toleransi yang kuat. Meskipun doktrin dan mazhab radikal memang selalu ada, tetapi pengaruhnya relatif terbatas dan dilunakkan oleh ragam ekspresi komunitas Islam.

Secara historis, penyebaran Islam di Tanah Air pada umumnya dilancarkan secara damai dan berjejak pada fondasi kehidupan masyarakat multikultur yang toleran. Menurut antropolog ternama Clifford Geertz, etos klasik Islam Nusatara bersifat menyerap, adaptif, gradualistik, estetik dan toleran. Selain keragaman agama secara eksternal, keragaman internal dalam Islam Nusantara sendiri menyulitkan penjelmaan Islam secara tunggal. Dengan kondisi seperti itu terbuka lebar kemungkinan untuk melampaui perbedaan-perbedaan religio-kultural, memperlunak perbedaan-perbedaan itu dan menjadikannya berada pada batas toleransi yang memberi prakondisi bagi kesiapan bekerjasama lintas kultural.

Tanah Air Indonesia merupakan ladang persemaian yang cocok bagi rekonstruksi dan reaktualisasi nilai-nilai demokrasi dan toleransi Islam yang dicontohkan oleh Nabi Muhammad di negara-kota Madina. Negara-kota Madina adalah sebuah entitas politik berdasarkan konsepsi negara-bangsa (nation-state), yaitu negara untuk seluruh umat atau warganegara, demi maslahat bersama (common good). Sebagaimana termuat dalam Piagam Madina, ‘negara-bangsa’ didirikan atas dasar penyatuan seluruh kekuatan masyarakat menjadi bangsa yang satu (ummatan wahidah) tanpa membeda-bedakan antara kelompok-kelompok keagamaan dan kesukuan yang ada.

Moral publik Madina yang dibina Nabi Muhammad itu sesungguhnya bersumber dari akar teologisnya. Inti dari keyakinan Islam adalah pengakuan pada Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa (Tawhid, Monotheisme). Dalam keyakinan ini, hanya Tuhan-lah satu-satunya wujud yang pasti. Semua selain Tuhan bersifat nisbi belaka. Konsekuensi logisnya adalah paham persamaan (kesederajatan) manusia di hadapan Tuhan, yang melarang adanya perendahan martabat dan pemaksaan kehendak/pandangan antarsesama manusia. Dengan prinsip demikian, tiap-tiap manusia dimuliakan kehidupan, kehormatan, hak-hak, dan kebebasannya, yang dengan kebebasan pribadinya itu manusia menjadi makhluk moral yang harus bertanggung jawab atas pilihan-pilihannya. Dengan prinsip persamaan, manusia juga didorong menjadi makhluk sosial yang menjalin kerjasama dan persaudaraan untuk mengatasi kesenjangan dan meningkatkan mutu kehidupan bersama (Madjid, 1992: 4).

Pancasila dapat dikatakan merupakan penjelmaan kontemporer dari Piagam Madina. Sebuah titik-temu moral publik yang bersifat inklusif yang mempertautkan segala perbedaan dengan semangat gotong-royong berlandaskan cinta (rahmatan lilalamin).

(YUDI LATIF, Anggota Akademi Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia)[:]

EXTREMISTS ARE EXTREMISTS –THEY DO NOT UNDERSTAND LANGUAGE OF REASON AND PEACE

Asghar Ali Engineer

Recently we read with great pain that the extremists in Pakistan killed several women who were active in administrating the polio dose to the children. They think it is an international conspiracy to reduce population of Muslims in the world as polio dose makes a person impotent. Some Muslims and Imams of the mosque in India too thought likewise and asked Muslims in their Friday sermons not to allow social workers to administer polio dose to their children.

But in India it was just an appeal, no one was physically harmed, much less killed. In Pakistan these extremists believe in culture of violence and for them the only solution for defying their orders is to be shot dead. Malala was shot as she did not listen to Taliban and stop advocating education for girls. Those who kill others in the name of Islam are far from being Muslim, let alone pious Muslims. In order to be pious Muslims one has to be just. The Qur’an says that “Do justice, it is closest to piety”. (5:8)

How can one claim to observe norms of justice by killing others? Justice is something most difficult to do, even for murder we require at least two pious and honest witnesses and to prove rape or fornication we need four such witnesses. One has to make it sure, according to shari’ah law that before accepting witness, that witnesses are honest and pious. Witnessing cannot be accepted from anyone. And killing someone is permitte3d only in certain specific cases like murder and there too, if it is not qatl-e-‘amad (deliberate and coldblooded murder) Allah prefers pardoning with or without compensation).

To kill someone without justification is great sin. Qur’an says that “whoever kills a person unless it be for manslaughter or for mischief in the land, it is as though he has killed whole humanity. And whoever saves a life, it is as if he has saved the whole humanity.” (5:32) it is very important statement of the Holy Book. Life is sacred and is not cheap that anyone can kill any other person without any reason or rhyme. There has to be strong justification for taking anyone’s life. If life could be taken by anyone and any time the whole humanity will be wiped out in course of time.

Normally weapons should be used for protecting and not taking life. And which rule of Shari’ah has prescribed that administering polio should be punished with death. That cure did not exist in those days. The orthodox people greatly resist any change in shari’ah law even with proper justification but do not hesitate to change shari’ah law or innovate one through false reasoning when it suits their interests. This is what killing women administering polio amounts to. It is pure innovation with false justification.

These very extremists would not mind producing and selling drugs through smuggling to buy weapons and destroy thousands of young lives. All intoxicants are strictly prohibited in Islam, particularly liquor and drugs and yet Taliban in Afghanistan and Pakistan are known to be producing, smuggling drugs and buying weapons. I have attended anti-drug confere3nce in Afghanistan and know how thousands of people are suffering because Taliban want weapons. Even many women are addicted to drug in Afghanistan. So much for the Islam of Taliban.

Also whoever said that polio dose makes men impotent? Have they done any research on that? Or they believe only in hearsay? To believe in something without confirming its truth is highly condemned by Qur’an. Qur’an calls it zann (suspicion, guess). See the Qur’anic verses 48:9, 48:12, 49:12, 53:23 etc. how Qur’an condemns zann. In some cases, it says it is even sin, in some cases it is our personal desire and has nothing to do with truth and Qur’an advises believers to avoid zann as much as it can.

And if these Taliban, who are killing those administering polio dose it is mere zann and has nothing to do with objective reality. And it they have confirmed its truth let them produce the proof. Or do they want these young children born to live life of polio affected people paralyzed for whole life? Life is a beautiful gift from Allah. Do they want this beautiful gift to become affliction for these young ones? That too on mere suspicion or guess?

Also this campaign has been launched by the UNO to eliminate this curse from our earth and make our lives healthier and happier. It is far from aimed at Muslims. Polio dozes are being administered throughout the world. Whole humanity is benefitting from it and particularly in Africa and Asia where most poor of the world live. It appears it is a conspiracy of Taliban to paralyze the coming generation of Muslims so that they can live at their mercy and through their charity?

There is so much emphasis in Qur’an and hadith on knowledge (‘ilm) and instead of being forerunners of science and scientific attitude Muslim extremists are being so ignorant and superstitious? And they want to keep Muslims in darkness of ignorance through sheer power of gun. Muslims are in fact duty bound to eliminate ignorance and usher in an era of enlightenment. But Taliban do not want modern education, especially for women, do not want modern medicines and do not want freedom. Instead they are spreading gun culture. Is this Islam? We have to produce young Muslims to fight this menace of Taliban and it is no less a curse than polio.

The Provision of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Services: The View of Indonesian Moslem Scholar

By: Musdah Mulia

The Current Condition of Adolescent and Youth

Nowadays we have more than 7 billion people in the world; with young people between the ages 10 and 24 accounting for nearly half that number. Eighty-five percent of young people live in developing societies and face grave health concerns, including sexual and
reproductive health that have grave implications on access to information, services, and resources.

Today, among 240 million population in Indonesia, almost 60 million are adolescent and youth. Data from a survey of young adults in four provinces in Indonesia argues that 12 percent of ever-married men and 5 per cent of ever-married women say that they had sex before marriage, yet only 3 per cent of unmarried men and less than 1 per cent of unmarried women report having had sex. There is about 3 million unsafe abortions were performed globally every year on adolescents in the 15-19 age group. On the other hand, that age group gave birth to 16 million babies annually.

 

To read the whole article, please download:

http://www.ziddu.com/download/19439722/onofAdolescentSexualandKolomMusdahMulia15Mei2012.pdf.html

Dr Tawfik Hamid: From The Heart Of A Muslim

 

I was born a Muslim and lived all my life as a follower of Islam. After the barbaric terrorist attacks done by the hands of my fellow Muslims
everywhere on this globe, and after the too many violent acts by Islamists in many parts of the world, I feel responsible as a Muslim and as a human being to speak out and tell the truth to protect the world and Muslims as well from a coming catastrophe and war of civilizations. I have to admit that our current Islamic teaching creates violence and hatred
toward non-Muslims.

 

To read the whole article, please  download

http://www.ziddu.com/download/19439687/TawfikHamid15Mei2012.pdf.html